Period pain

Period pain DEFINITION Period pain (dysmenorrhoea) is lower abdominal pain experienced during a menstrual period. DESCRIPTION Period pain is very common with some studies indicating that approximately 75 percent of young women and 25 to 50 percent of adult women experience pain and discomfort during their period. For up to… Read Article

Spider veins

Spider veins DEFINITION Spider Veins or Spider Naevi are networks of small, thin, dilated blood vessels that lie close to the skin’s surface. They may be red, blue or purple in colour. DESCRIPTION Common sites for Spider Veins to appear are the thighs, ankles and calves, but they can also… Read Article


Thrush DEFINITION Thrush is a yeast infection of the mucous membranes (the soft, pink coloured skin) of the vagina or penis. DESCRIPTION In a healthy bowel and genital area many bacteria and small numbers of yeast cells (vaginal flora) usually exist. Yeast infections occur when there is a change in… Read Article

Thrush – oral

Thrush – oral DEFINITION Oral Thrush is an infection of the skin tissue lining the mouth (mucous membrane) with a yeast organism known as candida. There are eight types of candida known to cause infection in humans and candida albicans is by far the most common. DESCRIPTION Thrush is a… Read Article


Vaginitis DEFINITION Vaginitis is an inflammation of the vagina; it is characterised by vaginal discharge and burning, itching redness, and swelling of vaginal tissues. Pain often occurs with urination and with sexual intercourse. There are three general types of vaginitis- atrophic, irritant and infectious. DESCRIPTION The 3 types of Vaginitis… Read Article