Baby crying

Baby crying DEFINITION Babies cry as a method of communicating their needs to their parents. DESCRIPTION All babies cry at some time and it is not unusual for a new born infant to cry for up to 2 hours a day. Babies cry so their needs will be met. Picking… Read Article

Baby gastroenteritis

Baby gastroenteritis DEFINITION Baby Gastroenteritis occurs when there is inflammation of the stomach and intestine, causing vomiting and diarrhoea. The problem is usually due to an infection by a virus, bacteria or a food borne toxin. Gastroenteritis is often a general diagnosis given to conditions which have similar symptoms and… Read Article


Breastfeeding DEFINITION Breastfeeding is feeding a baby with milk from the mother’s breast.   DESCRIPTION Breastfeeding has many benefits for both mother and baby, including: Infants who are breastfed experience fewer cases of infectious and noninfectious diseases than do formula-fed infants.  Infants who are breastfed experience fewer cases of diarrhoea,… Read Article

Colic – infantile

Colic – infantile DEFINITION Colic is a condition where repeated bouts of excessive crying occur in a baby who is otherwise healthy and thriving. DESCRIPTION Colic is very common and is thought to affect approximately 20 percent of newborn babies. The symptoms usually start a few weeks after birth, and… Read Article

Diarrhoea infant

Diarrhoea infant DEFINITION Diarrhoea is the rapid movement of faecal matter through the intestine, resulting in poor absorption of water and nutrients, and producing frequent, watery stools. Most babies have frequent, loose bowel motions, which are normal. Diarrhoea becomes a problem if the child is vomiting, feverish, irritable, not gaining… Read Article

Nappy rash

Nappy rash DEFINITION Nappy rash is a common skin inflammation in babies that occurs in the area covered by the nappy. DESCRIPTION Nappy rash commonly happens when a baby’s skin is exposed to wet or dirty nappies for too long. Urine is sterile (there are no germs in urine). Germs… Read Article


Teething DEFINITION Teething is the term used to describe the eruption (emergence) of the baby teeth. When baby teeth erupt they have to push through the gum to come up into the mouth. Teething can cause pain, irritability, poor sleep and drooling. DESCRIPTION The first baby tooth usually erupts between… Read Article