Bronchitis

Bronchitis DEFINITION Bronchitis is an infection of the main airways of the lungs, which causes the airways to become inflamed. DESCRIPTION Bronchitis is classified as Acute (short term) or Chronic (long term). The main symptom of Bronchitis is a hacking cough. Acute Bronchitis: is a very common disease, especially during… Read Article

Colds

Colds DEFINITION A Cold is a contagious infection of the upper respiratory airways caused by a virus. DESCRIPTION The Common Cold, also known as an upper respiratory tract infection (URTI), is caused by many different viruses. There are over 200 viruses that can cause the common cold, but the most… Read Article

Colds – Baby

Colds – Baby DEFINITION Colds are contagious infections of the upper airways most often caused by a virus. Colds are very common in young children, with most suffering around 10 colds in their first two years of life.  DESCRIPTION There are over 100 different types of virus responsible for the… Read Article

Coughs

Coughs DEFINITION Coughs are sudden and explosive movements which remove particles and excess mucus from the airways. Coughing is a protective response which prevents foreign material from entering and damaging the lungs. Coughs are a common symptom of respiratory illnesses. DESCRIPTION Coughs may be acute (lasting less than 3 weeks)… Read Article

Sinusitis

Sinusitis DEFINITION Sinusitis is an inflammation of one or more of the paranasal sinuses. The paranasal sinuses are spaces within the skull, below, above, between and behind the eyes. They form a complex interconnecting system of small pipes which drain into the nasal cavity. DESCRIPTION Sinusitis may be caused by… Read Article

Sore throat

Sore throat DEFINITION A sore throat is discomfort, pain, or scratchiness in the throat. A Sore throat often makes it painful to swallow. DESCRIPTION Viral infections are the most common cause of Sore throats. Antibiotics are not effective against viral infections. A Sore throat often begins at the start of… Read Article

Strep throat

Strep throat DEFINITION Strep Throat is an infection of the pharynx and tonsils caused by group A streptococcus bacteria. DESCRIPTION Strep Throat is more common in children than in adults. This disease is spread when an infected person coughs or sneezes contaminated droplets into the air, which another person inhales…. Read Article

Tonsillitis

Tonsillitis DEFINITION Tonsillitis is a condition when the tonsils become inflamed and sore. It can be caused by a virus or bacteria. DESCRIPTION The Tonsils are a rounded mass of lymphoid tissue found in the back of the throat. They can be clearly seen when the mouth is open and… Read Article